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OROFACIAL MYOFUNCTIONAL DISORDERS (OMDs)

Orofacial myofunctional disorders (OMDs) are patterns involving oral and orofacial musculature that interfere with normal growth, development, or function of orofacial structures, or call attention to themselves . OMDs can be found in children, adolescents, and adults. OMDs can co-occur with a variety of speech and swallowing disorders. OMD may reflect the interplay of learned behaviors, physical/structural variables, genetic and environmental factors. Signs and symptoms of orofacial myofunctional disorders may include: habitual open mouth/lip parted posture at rest, drooling and poor oral control ( specifically past the age of 2 years), and or the presence of a tongue thrust.

(Mason, n.d.A)

(Maspero, Prevedello, Giannini, Galbiati, & Farronato, 2014)

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